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God  |  Supernatural  |  Materialism  |  Evolution  |  Intelligent Design  |  Nobels  |  Summaries  | 

Brief Summaries & Links


God

    ..........................................................................
    PROOF that God does Exist
    ..........................................................................
    .
    The existence of God is a LOGICAL conclusion
    (based on deductive-logic for PROOF;
    and inductive-logic with EVIDENCE).
    http://godandscience.info/in/go/logic/00.htm
    .
    There is Logical PROOF that God exists.
    And there is Strong EVIDENCE that God exists.
    http://godandscience.info/in/go/logic/00.htm
    .
    Deductive Logical-Proof for God.
    http://godandscience.info/in/go/deductive-logic/00.htm
    .
    Materialism is FALSIFIED.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/materialism/00.htm
    .
    Physicalism is FALSIFIED.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/physicalism/00.htm
    .
    PROOF of free-will.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/freewill/00.htm
    .
    Free-Will FALSIFIES Materialism.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/fw-atheism/00.htm
    .
    Free-Will FALSIFIES Atheism.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/fw-atheism/00.htm
    .
    Evidence for the Supernatural.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/supernatural/00.htm
    .
    PROOF of God (LOGIC and Evidence).
    http://godandscience.info/in/go/logic/00.htm


Materialism


    ..........................................................................
    Materialism is FALSE
    ..........................................................................

    Materialism is FALSIFIED.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/materialism/00.htm
    .
    Physicalism is FALSIFIED.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/physicalism/00.htm
    .
    PROOF of free-will.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/freewill/00.htm
    .
    Free-Will FALSIFIES Materialism.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/fw-atheism/00.htm
    .
    Free-Will FALSIFIES Atheism.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/fw-atheism/00.htm
    .
    Evidence for the Supernatural.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/supernatural/00.htm
    .
    PROOF of God (LOGIC and Evidence).
    http://godandscience.info/in/go/logic/00.htm
    .
    Thinking Falsifies Materialism.
    If materialism is true, then there can be no such thing as thinking. That is because thinking cannot arise from (a) deterministic motions of atoms in your brain, or (b) random motions of atoms in your brain. Thinking requires an immaterial-mind and it requires free-will. Both of these falsify materialism.


Intelligent Design


    ..........................................................................
    Intelligent Design is TRUE
    ..........................................................................

    What is Intelligent Design?
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/definition/00.htm
    .
    There is a HUGE amount of Evidence for Intelligent Design
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/evidence/00.htm
    .
    Intelligent Design is Science/ Scientific/ Scientific Theory.
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/scientific/00.htm
    .
    Scientific Predictions of Intelligent Design.
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/predictions/00.htm
    .
    What is Complex Independently-Specified Functional Information?
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/cisfi/00.htm
    .
    How can we Measure CISFI information?
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/cisfi/00a.htm
    .
    What is the random-chance CISFI information-limit of the universe?
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/cisfi/00b.htm
    .
    Intelligent Design: The scientific evidence supports BUSHES of LIFE (with Intelligent Design infusions of Information at the base of each bush). The Bushes are at the level of the higher-level taxa in the biosphere (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order). A Single Tree of Life has been FALSIFIED by the scientific evidence.

    ..........................................................................
    There is a HUGE amount of evidence for Intelligent Design
    ..........................................................................
    .
    There is a HUGE amount of Evidence for Intelligent Design
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/evidence/00.htm
    .
    What is Intelligent Design?
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/definition/00.htm
    .
    Intelligent Design is Science/ Scientific/ Scientific Theory.
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/scientific/00.htm
    .
    Scientific Predictions of Intelligent Design.
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/predictions/00.htm
    .
    What is Complex Independently-Specified Functional Information?
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/cisfi/00.htm
    .
    How can we Measure CISFI information?
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/cisfi/00a.htm
    .
    What is the random-chance CISFI information-limit of the universe?
    http://godandscience.info/in/id/cisfi/00b.htm
    .
    Intelligent Design: The scientific evidence supports BUSHES of LIFE (with Intelligent Design infusions of Information at the base of each bush). The Bushes are at the level of the higher-level taxa in the biosphere (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order). A Single Tree of Life has been FALSIFIED by the scientific evidence.


Origin of Life


    ....................................................
    Naturalistic-Abiogenesis is Impossible.
    ....................................................
    .
    Natural-Law CANNOT create first-life (abiogenesis)
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/ool-law/00nl.htm
    .
    Random-Chance CANNOT create first-life (abiogenesis)
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/ool-law/00rc.htm
    .
    Complex Independently-Specified Functional Information points to Intelligent Design for the Origin of Life
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/ool/00.htm
    .
    The Origin of Life points to Intelligent Design
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/ool/00.htm
    .
    Panspermia points to Intelligent Design
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/panspermia/00.htm
    .
    .....................................................
    Random-chance processes CANNOT create Complex Independently-Specified Functional Information (CISFI) of > 500 bits (the information limit of the physical universe). The CISFI probability of life originating by random chance is too low for it to happen by random chance in the entire 14 billion year history of the physical universe.
    .
    Natural-law CANNOT create Complex Independently-Specified Functional Information (of > 500 bits, the information limit of the physical universe).
    .
    So, Naturalistic-Abiogenesis is Impossible.
    .
    The Origin of Life points to Intelligent Design
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/ool/00.htm
    .....................................................



Naturalistic Evolution is FALSE

    .
    ....................................................
    Naturalistic-Mega-Evolution is FALSE
    ....................................................
    .
    I reject Naturalistic Evolution based on LOGIC (and Truth-Seeking Epistemology), and based on the SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE that is presented in the Scientific Literature.
    .
    Where Scientific papers present EVIDENCE, that evidence agrees with my conclusions.
    .
    Where evolution-believers present conjectures and speculations that are NOT testable and NOT Falsifiable, those disagree with my conclusions (since those evolutionary conjectures are based on a materialistic BLIND-FAITH metaphysical interpretive paradigm that is itself NOT testable or falsifiable).
    .
    However, where Scientific papers present EVIDENCE, that evidence agrees with my conclusions. Naturalistic-Mega-Evolution is FALSE. See below.
    .
    .
    ....................................................
    Naturalistic-Mega-Evolution is FALSE
    ....................................................
    .
    Scientific Literature Quotes - Darwinism is Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/quotes/00.htm
    .
    Scientific Literature Quotes - Neo-Darwinism is Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/quotes/00.htm
    .
    Predictions of Naturalistic Evolution are Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/quotes/00.htm
    .
    Naturalistic-Evolution requires Gradualism
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/aa/01d.htm
    .
    Gradualism is Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/aa/01c.htm
    .
    Naturalistic Theory of Evolution is Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/aa/01e.htm
    .
    Naturalistic Universal Common-Descent is FALSIFIED
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/nh/00.htm
    .
    The Strongest-Argument for Naturalistic Evolution (Universal Nested-Hierarchy) is FALSIFIED
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/nh/00.htm
    .
    A Single Tree-of-Life is FALSIFIED by the Scientific Evidence
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/nh/00.htm
    .
    Orphan Genes Falsify Naturalistic-Evolution
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/genes/00.htm
    .
    ....................................................
    Mega-Evolution is NOT Micro-Evolution
    ....................................................
    .
    Scientific Quotes (and LOGIC) confirm that Mega-Evolution is NOT just Micro-Evolution plus time.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/macro-quotes/00.htm
    .
    The scientific literature confirms that Mega-Evolution is NOT the same thing as Micro-Evolution plus time.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/macro/00.htm
    .
    The existence of Orphan Genes is PROOF that micro-evolution is NOT mega-evolution in genetic terms.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/genes/00.htm
    .
    Gradualism is FALSIFIED. This is PROOF that Mega-Evolution is NOT just Micro-Evolution plus time.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/aa/01c.htm
    .
    ....................................................
    Bushes of Life
    ....................................................
    .
    A Single Tree of Life has been FALSIFIED by the scientific evidence.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/nh/00.htm
    .
    The scientific evidence supports BUSHES of LIFE, with Intelligent Design infusions of Information at the base of each bush. The Bushes are at the level of the higher-level taxa in the biosphere (Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order). A single tree-of-life is falsified by the scientific evidence. However, the evidence for LOCAL common descent inside a genus and within varieties of a species provide evidence for LOCAL common-descent inside MULTIPLE BUSHES Of LIFE.
    .
    ....................................................
    Gradualism is FALSE
    ....................................................
    .
    Naturalistic-Evolution can work ONLY if Gradualism is true.
    .
    However, there is a HUGE amount of evidence for HUGE discontinuites in the biosphere, in (a) genomic phase-space, (b) proteomic phase-space, (c) morphological phase-space, and (d) fossil phase-space.
    .
    Gradualism is FALSIFED by these MILLIONS of data points that indicate these HUGE discontinuities in the four spaces I mention above.
    .
    In geneomics, we see MILLIONS of ISOLATED ORPHAN-Genes, and we see that all other genes re in ISOLATED gene-clusters. These Isolated orphan-genes and Isolated gene-clusters are separated by VAST areas of non-functionality in sequence space.
    .
    In proteomics, we see isolated orphan-proteins, and we see that all other proteins are in isolated Protein-clusters. These Isolated orphan-proteins and Isolated protein-clusters are separated by VAST areas of non-functionality in sequence space.
    .
    In morphological-phase-space, we see isolated body-plans (at the higher taxa of the biosphere), and we see that these body-plans are separated by large chasms in morphological-phase-space.
    .
    In fossil-space, we see isolated body-plans (at the higher taxa of the biosphere), and we see that these body-plans are separated by large chasms in fossil-space. ALL of the higher taxa show up SUDDENLY in the fossil record with HUGE discontinuities, and NO gradualistic step-by-step sequences leading to these new Phyla. The Cambrian Explosion has ALL but one of the phyla showing up SUDDENLY in the fossil record. The ONE phylum that shows up later in the fossil record does so SUDDENLY as well.
    .
    All of these provide a HUGE amount of evidence for HUGE discontinuites in the biosphere, in (a) genomic phase-space, (b) proteomic phase-space, (c) morphological phase-space, and (d) fossil phase-space.
    .
    Gradualism is FALSIFED by these MILLIONS of data points that indicate these HUGE discontinuities in the four spaces I mention above.
    .
    This confirms that Naturalistic-Evolution is FALSE (since Naturalistic-Evolution can work ONLY if Gradualism is true).
    .
    .....................................
    My view on Evolution
    .....................................
    .
    I am an Old-earth creationist (14 billion year universe; 4.5 billion year earth).
    .
    I reject Naturalistic Evolution based on the Scientific Evidence that FALSIFIES naturalistic evolution.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/quotes/00.htm
    .
    And, I subscribe to Intelligent Design based on the Scientific Evidence.
    .
    I subscribe to BUSHES of LIFE (at the higher taxa, kingdom, phylum, class, order) with Intelligent-Design Infusions of NEW Bio-functional Information at the base of each NEW Bush.
    .
    I subscribe to BUSHES of LIFE based on the SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE for HUGE discontinuities all over the biosphere, particularly at the levels of the higher taxa (kingdom, phylum, class, order).
    .
    And based on the SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE that FALSIFIES Gradualism.
    .
    Humans are NOT just a naturalistic Gradualistic micro-evolutionary result of naturalistic-evolution from an alleged Chimp-Human-common-ancestor over a period of 6 million years.
    .
    The Origin of Humans requires Intelligent-Design Infusion of NEW Bio-functional Information at the base of the NEW Bush (for humans).
    .
    ....................................................
    Naturalistic-Mega-Evolution is FALSE
    ....................................................
    .
    Scientific Literature Quotes - Darwinism is Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/quotes/00.htm
    .
    Scientific Literature Quotes - Neo-Darwinism is Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/quotes/00.htm
    .
    Predictions of Naturalistic Evolution are Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/quotes/00.htm
    .
    Gradualism is Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/aa/01c.htm
    .
    Naturalistic-Evolution requires Gradualism
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/aa/01d.htm
    .
    Naturalistic Theory of Evolution is Falsified
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/aa/01e.htm
    .
    Naturalistic Universal Common-Descent is FALSIFIED
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/nh/00.htm
    .
    The Strongest-Argument for Naturalistic Evolution (Universal Nested-Hierarchy) is FALSIFIED
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/nh/00.htm
    .
    A Single Tree-of-Life is FALSIFIED by the Scientific Evidence
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/nh/00.htm
    .
    Orphan Genes Falsify Naturalistic-Evolution
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/genes/00.htm
    .


Naturalistic Evolution - Alleged Evidence

    Alleged Transitional-Fossils CANNOT and DO NOT prove Naturalistic Universal Common Descent.
    http://godandscience.info/in/ev/tran/00.htm
    .

Questions & Answers

    .....................................
    Does God's Omniscience contradict Free-will?
    .....................................
    .
    Theistic-Compatibilism:
    .
    If Theistic-compatibilism and/or neo-Molinism is true, then God knows you so well that he can foreknow your choices. God knows what you will freely choose. So there is no contradiction between God's Omniscience and your free-will.
    .
    And God's Omniscience does not contradict his free-will. God knows himself so well that he knows what he is going to do.
    .
    E.g., I know that I am going to wear a Blue shirt to work Monday, because that is what I have decided (used my free-will to decide) to wear. So, I use my free-will to choose, and I know what I am going to do. SO I know what I am going to do BECAUSE that is what I have decided to do. So, there is no contradiction between my "omniscience" (in this case) and my free-will. Same thing with God.
    .
    Theistic-Incompatibilism:
    .
    Regarding free-will I lean towards theistic-incompatibilism.
    .
    Given theistic-incompatibilism, and given the reality of free-will, then determinism is unlikely to be true.
    .
    So, if determinism is FALSE, is omniscience necessarily false? The answer is not necessarily so.
    .
    It is a FALLACY that Omniscience requires Deterministic Knowledge.
    .
    I.e., It is logically possible that Absolute-Omniscience or Deterministic-Omniscience is Logically Incompatible with the existence of Free-will.
    .
    If that is correct, then we have a rational alternative that we can call "Logical Omniscience".
    .
    In Logical Omniscience, God determines some things absolutely by causing them to happen, and he permits other things to happen without determining them (to preserve free-will).
    .
    So, in Logical Omniscience God uses his FREE-WILL to limit his Deterministic Omniscience and to replace it with a combination of Deterministic Omniscience in some areas of reality and Probabilistic Knowledge in other areas of reality. By doing so, God can Logically preserve free-will in the universe.
    .
    This free-will choice by God then preserves free-will for his creation, including us.
    .
    "Omniscience, like omnipotence, has natural, logical limits." (Gary Hitch)


Science


    What is a Scientific Theory?
    .
    A Scientific Theory is
    - (i) a theory that permits ONLY Scientific Hypotheses within its framework, and
    - (ii) that does NOT use secondary ad-hoc post-hoc escape-hypotheses to avoid contrary evidence, and
    - (iii) that is NOT a Metaphysical Interpretive Paradigm that is immune to any contrary evidence (e.g., via the use of escape-hypotheses that are themselves NOT testable and NOT falsifiable as having occurred in the situations for which they are invoked to avoid the contrary evidence).
    ...........................
    .
    What is a Scientific Hypothesis?
    .
    A Scientific Hypothesis is a truth-claim, or a proposition that is
    - (a) testable and
    - (b) falsifiable
    - (c) by experiments whose results are
    - (d) repeatable and
    - (e) reproducible, AND
    - (f) where the core hypothesis is NOT protected against falsification,
    - (g) by the use of secondary escape-hypotheses that are themselves NOT testable and NOT falsifiable as having occurred in the situations for which they are invoked to avoid the contrary evidence.



Atheism

    Atheism & Morality
    .
    If atheism is true, then materialism is true, and if so, there can be no Oughtnesses (and therefore no morals).
    .
    If Theism is true, Materialism is FALSE, and so there ARE moral Oughtnesses.
    .
    Theism is true. And that is a good reason for us to abide by moral Oughtnesses.
    .
    Atheists can choose (if they believe in free-will which would contradict materialism) to abide by moral Oughtnesses... but doing so would be a violation of their core views on materialism.
    .
    I am glad though that some atheists choose to be inconsistent with their atheism/materialism and so, abide by Moral Oughtnesses (that really derive from Theism).
    .


    Response to Atheist Refusal to Engage with Logic & Evidence for God
    .
    It is common for committed-atheists to claim that there is no evidence for God.
    .
    And, when Theists DO provide evidence for God, it is common for such atheists to just brush-off the evidence (with a one-liner or a slogan) without actually engaging with the evidence.
    .
    This (below) is my response to such atheist behavior.
    ........................................................
    Quote:
    .
    Your response does NOT actually engage with ANY of the Evidence or Logic that I provide.
    .
    A broad-brush-off (as in your comment above) is NOT evidence of Rational or Logical Thought.
    .
    At a high level, you can just read each of the key-points that I make (in the key-point text or summary titles that I provide).
    .
    At a deeper level, each set of linked slides provides the reasoning and evidence that supports each of the key-points that I make (in my text or summary titles).
    .
    ........................................................
    For example, There is Logical PROOF that God exists.
    And there is Strong EVIDENCE that God exists.
    http://godandscience.info/in/go/logic/00.htm
    ........................................................


    A simlar response to an Atheist who NEVER engages with my logic and evidence. I notice that YOU never engage with my reasoning and logic. Feel free to ACTUALLY engage with the Evidence and Reasoning I provide. I cannot answer for the behavior of others. But I CAN answer for MY LOGIC and REASONING. The truth is that You NEVER actually read my summaries. If you did, you would know that that claim above is FALSE.

Evolution


    Naturalistic Evolution is an extremely WEAK inductive inference... and one that is FALSIFIED by literally MILLIONS of Contradicting Data points.
    .
    Gravity is Observable TODAY in practice (as an example of a STRONG inductive inference).
    .
    There is NO scientific Evidence to reject Gravity.
    .
    However, there is a HUGE amount of Scientific Evidence that provides reason to reject Naturalistic Evolution.


Who created God?

    .................................
    Who created God?
    .................................

    Brief answer:
    .
    God Exists. He exists Logically and Necessarily. This is a Deductive Conclusion.
    .
    God is Logically and Necessarily (a) First-Cause, (b) Necessary-Being, (c) Volitional-Cause, (d) MIND, (e) always-existent non-created being that was NOT created by anyone or anything else, and (f) the cause that created all of contingent reality including physical reality. .
    .........................................
    .
    For more details, see Who created God?
    www.GodAndScience.INFO/in/go/who-made-god/00.htm
    .........................................

    .................................
    Who created God?
    .................................

    Answer:

    Thesis:

    T1. God Exists. He exists Logically and Necessarily. This is a Deductive Conclusion.

    T2. God is Logically and Necessarily (a) First-Cause, (b) Necessary-Being, (c) Volitional-Cause, (d) MIND, (e) always-existent non-created being that was NOT created by anyone or anything else, and (f) the cause that created all of contingent reality including physical reality.

    ........................................
    Logic:

    P1. An infinite-regress is impossible. Therefore (given that anything exists; cogito ergo sum), there must be a First-Cause.

    P2. An infinite contingent-regress is impossible. Therefore, there must be a Necessary Being.

    P3. The action of the first-cause cannot be externally-triggered by a pre-existing external trigger (since there is nothing that pre-exists the first-cause). Therefore, the first-cause cannot be a deterministic or probabilistic cause (since both deterministic and probabilistic causes, by their very nature, are externally triggered by pre-existing external triggers).

    P4. The action of the first-cause cannot be governed by, or caused by, a pre-existing external natural-law. Therefore, the first-cause cannot be a deterministic or probabilistic cause (since both of those types of causes are, by their very nature, governed by, or caused by, an external natural-law).

    P5. The action of the first-cause must be internally triggered or internally caused based on the nature of the first cause (since there is no external trigger).

    P6. The only kind of cause that is internally-triggered or internally-caused (based on its very nature) is a Volitional Cause.

    P7. And the only kind of cause whose behavior is not governed by, or caused by, a pre-existing external natural-law is a Volitional Cause.

    P8. Therefore, the First-Cause exists (p1) and is Necessary Being (p2) and is a Volitional Cause (p3-p7).

    P9. Mind, by its very nature, by definition, is volitional. And, a volitional cause, by its very nature, and by definition is a Mind. I.e., there is no volitional cause that is NOT a mind. And there is No MIND that is not a volitional cause.

    P10. Therefore, the First-Cause exists (p1) and is Necessary Being (p2) and is a Volitional Cause (p3-p7), and is a MIND (p8-p9).

    P11. The First-Cause is the ultimate Cause (or creator) of all effects, including effects that can themselves be secondary derived causes. So, the first-cause is the ultimate cause of ALL of reality, all of contingent reality, including physical reality.

    P12. Therefore, the First-Cause exists (p1), and is Necessary Being (p2), and is a Volitional Cause (p3-p7), and is a MIND (p8-p9), and is the ultimate cause or creator of ALL of contingent reality which includes physical reality.

    P13. We define God = First-Cause, Necessary-Being, Volitional-Cause, MIND, that created all of contingent reality including physical reality.

    P14. Therefore, God exists (p10-p11).

    P15. The First-cause, by definition, and by logic, cannot have COME into existence. It must have always existed. Therefore, logically nobody created the first-cause.

    P16. The Necessary-Being, by definition, and by logic, cannot have COME into existence. It must have always existed. Therefore, logically nobody created the necessary-being.

    P17. Therefore, the First-Cause and Necessary-Being is necessarily always-existent non-created being that was NOT created by anyone or anything else.

    P18. Therefore, God (first-cause and necessary being) is necessarily always-existent non-created being that was NOT created by anyone or anything else.

    P19. Therefore, God exists, and God is (a) First-Cause, (b) Necessary-Being, (c) Volitional-Cause, (d) MIND, (e) always-existent non-created being that was NOT created by anyone or anything else, and (f) that created all of contingent reality including physical reality.

    ........................................
    Conclusion

    C1. God Exists. He exists Logically and Necessarily. This is a Deductive Conclusion.

    C2. God is Logically and Necessarily (a) First-Cause, (b) Necessary-Being, (c) Volitional-Cause, (d) MIND, (e) always-existent non-created being that was NOT created by anyone or anything else, and (f) the cause that created all of contingent reality including physical reality.
    ........................................


Atheism Requires Materialism

    .
    Atheism requires Materialism ->
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/fw-atheism/05.htm
    .
    Also ->
    Free-Will Falsifies Atheism
    http://godandscience.info/in/ma/fw-atheism/00.htm
    .
    Table-of-Contents (from the slides above) are listed below->
    ......................................................
    Free-Will Falsifies Atheism - Summary
    Atheism requires NO Free-Will
    Atheist-Leaders' Quotes regarding Free-Will
    If Atheism is true, we have NO Free-Will
    Atheism requires Materialism
    Materialism requires Determinism
    Determinism requires NO freewill
    Atheism requires NO freewill
    Atheistic Materialism requires NO freewill
    .
    Conclusion: Atheism requires NO freewill
    .
    Atheism requires the Non-Existence of Rationality
    Atheism requires the Non-Existence of Morality
    .
    Proof of Free-Will
    1. The Atheist response is Proof of Free-Will
    2. Free-Will has been Demonstrated to be True
    3. Semantic Content is Proof of Free-Will
    4. Logic, Reason & Rationality are PROOF of Free-Will
    .
    Conclusion - Free-Will has been proved to be True
    Conclusion - Free-Will falsifies Atheism
    ......................................................
    .