The book of Nehemiah recounts the rebuilding of Jerusalem. Nehemiah was the cupbearer to Artaxerxes. Artaxerxes asks Nehemiah, concerned for him, why he looks so distraught. Nehemiah states that he would like to go to Jerusalem to help in the rebuilding. He was granted this privilege and organized people to build the Jerusalem wall. Jerusalem was rebuilt in 52 days in spite of many attacks from neighboring communities.